Personality is defined as the character sets of behaviors, cognitions, and emotional patterns that evolve from biological and environmental factors. While there is no generally agreed-upon definition of personality, most theories focus on motivation and psychological interactions with one’s environment.
At BrainXASEA, we offer a free personality test that can give you an insight into your personality. There are many theories relating to personality and personality types. We have tried to keep it as simple as possible and have considered the eight attitudes which generally a person has and which constitutes one’s personality and attitude. Although we agree that there are many more things that influence a person like the current situations, lifestyle, work and home environment, multiple intelligence of a person, etc.
According to Carl G. Jung’s theory of psychological types, people can be characterized by their preference of their attitude:
The first criterion is Extrovert (E) or Introvert (I) which signifies the source and direction of a person’s energy.
An extrovert’s (E) source and direction of energy is mainly in the external world. They like getting their energy from active involvement in events and having a lot of different activities. They are excited when they are around people and they like to energize other people. Extroverts like moving into action and making things happen. They generally feel at home when they are out in the world. Extroverts understand a problem better when they can talk out to someone about it and hear what others have to say.
An introvert (I) has a source of energy in their own internal world. They like getting their energy from dealing with the ideas, pictures, memories, and reactions that are inside their inner world. They prefer doing things alone or with one or two people they feel comfortable with. They take time to reflect so that they have a clear idea of what they’ll be doing when they decide to act. Ideas are almost solid things for introverts. Sometimes they like the idea of something better than the real thing.
The second criterion is Sensing (S) or iNtuition (N) which represents the method by which someone perceives information.
Sensing (S) means that a person mainly believes information he or she receives directly from the external world. Paying attention to physical reality, what one sees, hears, touches, tastes, and smells. They’re concerned with what is actual, present, current, and real. They notice facts and remember details that are important to them. Sensors like to see the practical use of things and learn best when they see how to use what they’re learning. Experience speaks to them louder than words.
Intuition (N) means that a person believes mainly the information he or she receives from the internal or imaginative world. Paying the most attention to impressions or the meaning and patterns of the information they get. They would rather learn by thinking a problem through than through hands-on experience. They’re interested in new things and what might be possible, so that they think more about the future than the past. They like to work with symbols or abstract theories, even if they don’t know how they will use them. They remember events more as an impression of what it was like than as actual facts or details of what happened.
The third criterion is Thinking (T) or Feeling (F) which represents how a person processes information.
Thinking (T) means that a person makes a decision mainly through logic. When they make a decision, they like to find the basic truth or principle to be applied, regardless of the specific situation involved. Thinkers like to analyze the pros and cons, and then be consistent and logical in deciding. They try to be impersonal, so they won’t let their personal wishes or other people’s wishes influence them.
Feeling (F) means that he or she makes a decision based on emotion, i.e. based on what they feel they should do. They believe that they can make the best decisions by weighing what people care about and the points-of-view of persons involved in a situation. Feelers are concerned with values and what is the best for the people involved. They like to do whatever will establish or maintain harmony. In their relationships, they appear caring, warm, and tactful.
The fourth criterion is Judging (J) or Perceiving (P) which reflects how a person implements the information he or she has processed.
Judging (J) means that a person organizes all of his life events and mostly sticks to his plans. They like getting their energy from active involvement in events and having a lot of different activities. They’re excited when they are around people and they like to energize other people. They like moving into action and making things happen. They generally feel at home in the world. They often understand a problem better when they can talk it out to someone about it and hear what others have to say.
Perceiving (P) means that he or she is inclined to improvise and explore alternative options. They like getting their energy from dealing with the ideas, pictures, memories, and reactions that are in their inner world. They often prefer doing things alone or with one or two people they feel comfortable with. They take time to reflect so that they have a clear idea of what they’ll be doing when they decide to act. Ideas are almost solid things for them. Sometimes they like the idea of something better than the real thing.
All possible permutations of preferences in the 4 polarities above yield 16 different combinations, or personality types, representing which of the two poles in each of the four dichotomies dominates in a person, thus categorizing people vaguely into 16 different personality types. Each personality type can be assigned a 4 letter acronym of the corresponding combination of preferences.
The first letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to the preference within the extrovert-intovert dimension: “E” for extrovert and “I” for introvert.
The second letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to the preference within the sensing-intuition dimension: “S” stands for sensing and “N” stands for intuition.
The third letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to the preference within the thinking-feeling dimension: “T” stands for thinking and “F” stands for feeling.
The forth letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to a person’s preference within the judging-perceiving dimension: “J” for judging and “P” for perception.
• ESTJ stands for Extrovert, Sensing, Thinking, Judging
• INFP stands for Introvert, iNtuitive, Feeling, Perceiving